NCERT Confirms Bharat Will Be Used Interchangeably with 'India' in Textbooks, Not a Replacement

The NCERT announced that "Bharat" will be used interchangeably with "India" in textbooks, clarifying it as an addition rather than a replacement, reflecting India's traditional and constitutional nomenclature.

By Megha Badiger
New Update

Image: Bharat

In a recent announcement, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) clarified that the term "Bharat" will be used interchangeably with "India" in its educational textbooks. This move aims to reflect the rich cultural and historical heritage of the nation, emphasizing the continuity and unity of its diverse identity.


The Context of the Change

The decision to incorporate "Bharat" alongside "India" comes amid ongoing debates about national identity and historical representation in educational materials. The term "Bharat," deeply rooted in ancient texts and historical contexts, is seen by many as a way to honor the country's heritage and pre-colonial history.

Educational Implications


NCERT's clarification is significant in the educational landscape, as it aims to provide a more inclusive and comprehensive understanding of the nation's identity. By using both "Bharat" and "India," textbooks will offer students a broader perspective on their country's name and history.

The Council emphasized that this change is not intended to replace "India" but to use both names interchangeably. This approach aligns with the constitutional usage of both terms, as stated in Article 1 of the Indian Constitution: "India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States."

Reactions and Perspectives


The move has garnered a range of reactions from educators, historians, and the public. Proponents argue that using both names acknowledges India's ancient heritage and reinforces a sense of pride in the nation's history. They believe that this dual usage can foster a deeper connection among students with their country's rich cultural legacy.

Critics, however, caution against potential confusion among students and the practical implications of such changes in textbooks. They express concerns about the consistency in educational content and the possible politicization of historical narratives.

Implementation Strategy


To ensure a smooth transition, NCERT has outlined a phased approach for revising textbooks. The updates will be implemented in new editions of textbooks, starting with the primary and secondary levels. Teachers will receive guidelines and training to effectively integrate this change into their curriculum, ensuring that the dual usage of "Bharat" and "India" is communicated and understood by students.

The NCERT's decision to use "Bharat" interchangeably with "India" in textbooks reflects a nuanced approach to embracing the country's historical and cultural identity. While the move is aimed at enriching students' understanding of their nation's heritage, it also underscores the importance of careful implementation to maintain clarity and consistency in educational content. As this change rolls out, it will be essential to monitor its impact on students' learning experiences and their connection to India's diverse and multifaceted identity.

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