There is a panic situation amongst the dairy farmers of Maharashtra as Lumpy Skin Disease (LPD) is rapidly spreading in some districts of Vidarbha and Marathwada. LPD is an infectious viral disease of cattle and bovine animals. The virus causes the development of stiff, round, cutaneous nodules of 2-5 cm in diameter on the skin of the animal, along with causing fever, lesions in the mouth, and reduction in producing milk.
As per the state Animal Husbandry department, there are approximately 93,252 infections of the Capripoxvirus, which was first traced in the state in Gadchiroli district in April. The virus strain currently active in Maharashtra is said to have about 20 percent morbidity and about a 1% mortality rate. However, The state has launched a vaccination program.
It is also clear that the virus is not zoonotic and doesn’t infect humans through the consumption of milk or meat. Though it affects the cow and buffalo, however, infection in the buffalo is minimal. Of the 93,252 animals infected so far since April, 67,035 have recovered following medical intervention. Dr Devendra Jadhav, the deputy commissioner of Animal Husbandry (Disease Control), said a massive vaccination programme has been launched by the department and has so far inoculated 1.52 lakh animals with Goat Pox vaccine.
According to the Animal Husbandry department, Chandrapur is worst affected by 50,419 cases, followed by Nagpur with 12,296 cases so far. Other affected districts in Vidarbha are Gondia (8,150), Vardha (3,598), and Gadchiroli (1,358). In Marathwada, the disease has been detected in Nanded (13,136) and Parbhani (2,182) in considerable proportion with an infrequent spread in several other districts.