Fat loss surgery includes a variety of procedures and here are essential reasons why some good calories help you after fat loss surgery.
Fat loss surgery is also called Bariatric surgery which is basically a long-term weight loss surgery performed on people who are obese. It includes a three variety of procedures such as.
- Roux en-Y bypass
Roux en-Y bypass is also known as Gastric bypass surgery. In this surgery, technique stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower “remnant” pouch, and then the small intestine is rearranged to connect to both.
2. sleeve gastrectomy
Sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical technique in which the stomach is reduced to about 15% of its original size, by surgical removal of a large portion of the stomach along the greater curvature.
3. biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch
This fat loss surgery procedure is composed of a restrictive and a malabsorptive aspect. The restrictive portion involves removing approximately 70% of the stomach (along the greater curvature) and most of the duodenum. Malabsorptive is a lengthy portion of the small intestine, creating two separate pathways and one common channel.
The common cause of Obesity is eating too much and moving too little. Many people consume a high amount of calories, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, and this surplus energy stored by the body turns into fat.
Some might say that intaking calories are bad and make us fat, and some might feel that they need to give up on calories totally. But first, let me clarify what calories actually mean?
Calorie means the amount of energy the food provides to our body and macronutrients like carbohydrates, protein, and fats provide energy for our body to function properly day by day. But yes focusing on the quality and quantity of the calorie is important. Also, Reducing calories is important along with some physical exercise.
Now let us the know-how Quality calories play an important role in playing an important function for our body even after Bariatric Surgery.
Quality calories provide functional benefits to the body that contain a mixture of both macro and micronutrients. Protein foods have both the properties of macro and micronutrients. Foods like dairy, eggs, fish and meat help you to heal and maintenance of lean muscle mass.
Food filled with carbohydrates like oats, sweet potato, beans, and lentils also contains calories that provide fiber for controlling blood sugar levels and improving digestive health.
For eg. 1 gram of protein and 1 gram of carbohydrate provides 4 calories, while 1 gram of fat provides 9 calories.
Lastly unsaturated fats olive oil, canola oil, and avocado have properties of lowering blood cholesterol levels and reducing inflammation.
If the bariatric patient is one year out of surgery and is looking to gain muscles will have to intake protein-filled foods and the best protein-filled food is egg and meat which has a higher bioavailability than plant sources.
If the bariatric patient is training for a marathon, he will require carbohydrates which will help him to instant energy during long races.
According to DRI (Dietary Reference Intake), taking carbohydrates 130 grams per day provides the necessary amount of glucose to the brain for normal function, without the need to break down protein and fats for new glucose production.
This new glucose that is produced is called gluconeogenesis and is formed by breaking down protein and fats in the body when inadequate carbohydrates are available.
Gluconeogenesis allows the body to preserve its protein stores when an adequate of carbohydrate is consumed. And yes carbohydrates should be limited, but not excluded, to maintain normal cell activity.
The quality of carbohydrates is as important as its quantity as it will help in further weight loss.
The American Diabetes Association recommends taking 130 grams of carbohydrates per day to maintain normal cell function, while World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a minimum of 50g per day. But researchers have found that a maximum of 120 grams of carbohydrates per day in post-bariatric patients resulted in greater weight loss and a decrease in triglycerides in the blood.
While developing a meal plan for post-fat loss surgery patients, the glycemic index (GI) foods should be taken into consideration as GI food raises blood sugar levels as compared to a standard. Foods with a high GI are white bread, bagels, short-grain white rice, potatoes, white pasta, pretzels, crackers, melons, and pineapple. These kinds of foods help to increase glucose