Iraq: The discovery of large-scale old wine factory. Which rule of the Assyrian kings, 2700 years ago. With the stunning monumental rock -craved .
The joint team of archaeologists from the Department of Antiquities in Dohuk and colleagues from Italy said:The stone bas-reliefs, showing kings praying to the gods, were cut into the walls of a nearly nine-kilometre-long (5.5-mile) irrigation canal at Faida in northern Iraq
The carvings, 12 panels measuring five metres (16 feet) wide and two metres tall, show gods, kings and sacred animals. They date from the reigns of Sargon II (721-705 BC) and his son Sennacherib.
Italian archaeologist Daniele Morandi Bonacossi Said- “There are other places with rock reliefs in Iraq, especially in Kurdistan, but none are so huge and monumental as this one.”
“The scenes represent the Assyrian king praying in front the Assyrian gods,” he said, noting that the seven key gods are all seen, including Ishtar, the goddess of love and war, who is depicted on top of a lion.
Morandi Bonacossi added- “It was not only a religious scene of prayer, it was also political, a sort of propaganda scene.”
Morandi Bonacossi, professor of Near Eastern archaeology at Italy’s University of Udine said- “It was a sort of industrial wine factory.”
We found 14 installation, which were used to press the grapes and extract the juice and further it was processed to wine.
The most craving that have survived from the Assyrian period are the mythical winged bulls, with examples of the monumental reliefs seen in the Iraq Museum in Baghdad, as well as Louvre in Paris and the British Museum in London.
Iraq was the world earliest cities. But now it is known for smugglers and artifacts
From 2014 and 2017, the Islamic State group demolished dozens of pre-Islamic treasures with bulldozers, pickaxes and explosives. They also used smuggling to finance their operations. Some countries are slowly returning stolen items.
The United States returned about 17,000 artifacts to Iraq, pieces thatbdated from the Sumerian period around 4,000 years ago.
And 3,500-year-old tablet recounting the epic of Gilgamesh was returned to Iraq after being stolen three decades ago and illegally imported to the US.